About Kiev, Ukraine
Kiev is one of the biggest cities in Europe. It is an administrative, economic, scientific, cultural and educational centre of independent Ukraine.
According to a legend three brothers — Kiy, Tsheck and Horiv and their sister Lebed founded Kiev on the right bank of the Dnepr River. It was named Kiev after the senior brother Kiy. The majority of historians of the 20th century persistently refused to trust this legend. For example, they considered that Sarmatian tribes founded Kiev before Christ and so, it is more than 2000 years old. German historians considered that Kiev was founded by Goths in the 3rd century before Christ and some had even found it on the Ptolomeus maps. Only in the XX century, basically due to the archeological excavations they started thinking that Kiev was established by the Slavic tribes. So, scientists came to a conclusion, that the city was founded on the edge of V-VI centuries.
The first settlements on the territory of the city were found on Starokievskaja hill, where there is a Historical museum now. This is exactly where Kiy founded the city of Kiev («Mother Of The Russian Cities») at the first place. Since the reign of Oleg the history of the city became clearer. Oleg won the land around Kiev and submitted Slavic tribes, who lived there. And this was the start of the new country — The Kiev Russia. After him Igor, the son of Ryurick, (Ryurick — Scandinavian konung, the legendary ancestor of Russian Tsars) ruled the country. The time after the great military leader Svyatoslav, the Igor's son, is called «The Golden Age of the Kiev Russia».
Vladimir The Great ruled the country and he succeeded in turning the country's population into Christianity. The first church made of stone (called Desyatinnaya) was built. In the11th century the territory of the city was growing really fast. It was the peak of the city's construction. At this time the whole population of the city consisted of about 50 thousand people. It was quite big for the medieval city. For example, the whole population of London of that time consisted of about 20 thousand people. In the 12th century Kiev was the capital of one of the biggest, strongest and most beautiful countries in the world.
The time passed by bringing moments of prosperity and decline to the city. In the 13th century the whole Kiev Russia was ruined and robbed by Tatars. Only 2 thousand people from the city's population survived after the holocaust. Then Kiev was under the Tataro-Mongolian Golden Horde, under the authority of The Great Lithuanian Kingdom and Poland. The center of Russia moved to another city — Moscow, situated in the North — East. And South-West Russian lands were called Ukraine. In 1648 the pact about reunion of Russia and Ukraine was signed.
Since the collapse of Soviet Union (December of 1991) Kiev became a capital of independent Ukraine. That's what famous Russian writer Mikhail Bulgakov wrote about Kiev: «In the spring gardens began to blossom with white, the whole Tsarskiy garden was in green, sun attacked windows, setting them on fire. And The Dnepr River! And the sunsets! The Vydubetskiy Monastery on the slope. A green sea ran to the multi-colored tender Dnepr. Dark blue nights above the water, electric cross on the top of Saint Vladimir Cathedral hanging in the height… Beautiful and happy city. Mother Of All Russian Cities.»
Kiev is the city of invaluable historical and cultural monuments, city of great events and outstanding people. Every guest will find something especially interesting for him or her here.